Important Health Information
Tampon use has been associated with Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) a rare but serious condition that may cause death. It is caused by a bacterium called Staphylococcus Aureus, which exists normally in the air. Sometimes strains of this bacterium give off a toxin (poison that gets into the body), usually through the bloodstream. Most people develop resistance to the toxin and in these people there is no harmful effect.
The reported risk is higher in women under 30 years of age and teenage girls. The indicative ratio of TSS illness is estimated to be between 1 and 17 cases per 100,000 menstruating women and girls per year.
TSS can occur without tampons but has been connected with the use of tampons. TSS can be fatal and must therefore be recognised and treated early. If you have ever had TSS you should not use tampons until you have discussed it with your Doctor.
The symptoms of TSS can appear suddenly during or just after menstruation and they closely resemble the flu. Symptoms include:
For more information about TSS visit www.dermnetnz.org